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Obesity - Causes and Effects



During the last few decades, obesity has been on the rise in Singapore and many parts of the world. Obesity affects the body in many ways. It can lead to medical complications and lower quality of life. Aside from physical problems, obesity can also have a negative impact on the mental health of the sufferer.


Eating More Than Body Needs



In Singapore, obesity is increasingly seen among children and adults. Obesity is caused by eating more food than the body needs. The extra energy is stored as fat. The amount of fat stored in the body varies from person to person. It is important to stay active and eat healthy food. A body mass index (BMI) calculator is useful in determining a person's normal weight range. Being overweight can also cause psychological problems, such as depression and poor self-esteem.


A Person’s Genes

A person's genes can play a part in weight gain. People with certain genetic mutations may have a lower metabolism than others. These mutations can affect the way the body stores fat and regulates hormones. People with obesity may also have an inactive lifestyle.


Lack of Physical Activity



The environment also plays a role in weight gain. An unhealthy diet and a lack of physical activity are two of the most common causes of obesity. There are also environmental factors such as lack of social support and lack of access to healthy food choices. Lack of access to public spaces, such as playgrounds, can also contribute to obesity. Many children don't get enough physical activity. They spend more time watching television and playing video games than outdoors.

Changing modes of transportation also contributes to physical inactivity. There are also many Singaporeans who work in office jobs that require sitting down for long periods of time. It is also essential to get enough sleep. Lack of sleep can disrupt hormone regulation, resulting in overeating.